Everyone wants a bright smile, and if teeth stains are stopping you from smiling more often, then here’s what you need to know. Read on to find out the cause, the types and the treatments of teeth staining.
Types of teeth stains
Intrinsic discoloration refers to staining of the dentin which is a tissue that lies just below the enamel. Dentin is stained when the tooth enamel wears away. It can also be the result of tetracycline exposure or trauma. These deep-seated stains are best removed using professional teeth whitening method.
Extrinsic discoloration is the staining of the enamel. Colored food or beverages come in contact with the enamel and their particles get latched on to the pores on the surface of the enamel. This results in surface stains that can be removed using a dental whitening kit, bleaching gels or baking soda at home. Hydrogen peroxide products work great too in stain removal.
Age-Related Teeth Staining
Age-related teeth staining can be a combination of both intrinsic and extrinsic tooth discoloration. As you age, the outer layer of the tooth’s enamel gets thinner over time. This reveals the natural yellow color of the dentin.
Single Dark Tooth -A single dark tooth is either the effect of a medication or the result of trauma. If it’s the result of trauma, it means iron from the blood saturated the dentin causing deep internal staining.
White Spots on Teeth – White spots are the result of de-calcification which is usually caused by the combination of diet and low saliva production.
Tetracycline Stains – Tetracyclines are a group of antibiotics used to treat bacterial infections. Tetracycline stains are caused when a mother takes tetracycline during pregnancy or the child takes it from birth through age 8.
Tobacco Stains – Tobacco stains are caused by nicotine and tar. Nicotine mixed with oxygen turns yellow and latches onto the teeth. Repeated teeth whitening can remove tobacco stains.
Causes of Tooth Discoloration
Poor oral care remains the top reason for tooth discoloration. So, to prevent stains, brushing and flossing regularly is the best way. Also, ensure that you rinse your mouth after every meal. Other causes of tooth discoloration are as follows
• Our day-to-day activities can result in brown spots on teeth. Colored foods and drinks like beet root and red wine can cause tooth discoloration too.
• Excessive fluoride in water affects the tooth color.
• A lot of people have naturally yellow teeth because of their genes.
• Chemotherapy causes tooth staining.
• Advancing age and trauma, like damage from a fall, affect the enamel which leads to dark spots
Teeth stain removal
Intrinsic Teeth Stain Removal
No matter how deep and stubborn the stains are, they can be removed with bonding and capping methods. These treatments fully conceal the discoloration and are considered as the best teeth whitening methods.
Extrinsic Teeth Stain Removal
Since these stains are on the outer layer, they can be removed by using whitening products at home. If it isn’t enough, consult your dentist.
Age-related Teeth Stains Removal
Professional tooth whitening treatment is recommended in case of age-related teeth stains. The products used in professional teeth whitening easily penetrate the dentin to remove teeth stains.
Irrespective of the type and cause of stains, it is always crucial to consult your dentist prior to starting treatment at home. Professional teeth whitening is always the best choice if you want to ensure that your teeth don’t get discolored any further.
Want to check which teeth whitening treatment is the best for you? Call Coral Dental Care today!
Dr. Anu Isaac, DMD, runs a successful dental practice in Salem, MA. Dr. Isaac strives for quality on a daily basis and this commitment to quality is reflected in her constant pursuit of advanced training. Her firm belief that even experts need to stay updated about what’s new in the dental field, enables her to provide every patient with optimal oral care. As the founder of Coral Dental Care, she is dedicated to creating healthy, beautiful smiles for her patients and also to educating dental and non-dental community with her engaging articles on all things related to oral health, recent dental innovations, and latest treatment modalities.